Thematic lectures were held within the framework of the Ukrainian Law Week by the tutors of Maritime Law and Management Faculty at the Faculties of NU «ОМА» on December 7, 2016.
N.T. Primachov, Doctor of Economics, Professor, Head of Economic Theory and Entrepreneurship on the Marine Transport Department gave a lecture on “Economic and legal aspects of the labour market formation of the global marine transport industry”. The role of the seafarers’ labour market stems from the fact that more than 80% of the world trade is provided by the work of no more than 1.5 million people. The economic importance of seafarers’ work depend on their ability to establish conditions for the barter transactions of all countries, more than 6 billion people. Therefore, the global organizations such as IMO, ITF focus on optimizing social and economic seafarers’ conditions on board as well as on decent wages.
O.V. Krasnikova, PhD in Law, Assistant professor of Maritime Law Department held a lecture on “The international organizing mechanism of human rights”. The theme is dedicated to the international institutions’ analysis in the field of protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms. Treaty bodies can be analyzed, which consider the States’ reports on the implementation of the international obligations and individual petitions. Therefore, the work of the European Court of Human Rights and the European Commission of Human Rights was analyzed.
The seafarers require special status and protection in such areas as seafarers’ working conditions, their social security and safe labour conditions in maritime transport. A lot of the international organizations such as the International Maritime Organization (IMO) and the International Labour Organization (ILO) deal with these issues, playing a central role in this regard. Thus, the the ILO’s General Conference of 23 February 2006 adopted the Maritime Labour Convention, 2006, which is the only act that has incorporated all provisions of existing international conventions and recommendations regarding the work of maritime industry. These standarts and principles are to be implemented into national legislation of all States, that create conditions for practice realization, the implementation of which is a precondition to a proper navigation’s work in every country of the world.
O.I. Zorіna, PhD in Law, Assistant professor of Administrative and Criminal Law Department gave consideration to “Constitutional rights and duties of citizens of Ukraine”. The lecture considered the problem of establishment and enforcement of human rights in the modern world, the law as a general social phenomenon: the rights of the nation, the rights of peoples, the rights of associations, the rights of other groups, human rights as well as the compliance with provisions of the Constitution of Ukraine of the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms.
O.I. Dovgopolova, PhD in Philosophy, Professor of Maritime Law Department read a lecture on “Formation of human rights issues in the early modern Western Europe”. Transition phenomenon from feudal to bourgeois state with changes in social structure was considered at the lecture as well. As in the case of the French Revolution documents, the registration of human rights and fundamental freedoms was illustrated.